Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand have attracted nonbanks to build regional electronic wallet platforms. According to the inaugural 2019 Southeast Asia E-Money Market Report released by S&P Global Market Intelligence, over 10 billion in aggregate e-money transactions occurred in these countries in 2018, with Singapore leading the region and accounting for 34% of total e-money transactions.
The popularity of nonbank-operated e-money products, such as electronic wallets, for small-value transactions is supporting the rise of ride-hailing and e-commerce companies as financial intermediaries across Southeast Asia.
Payments processed through platforms offered by ride-hailing companies Grab and Go-Jek; TrueMoney, a unit of e-commerce and fintech company Ascend Group; and AirPay, the financial services business of e-commerce and gaming company Sea Ltd. amounted to roughly US$30 billion in aggregate annualized transaction value in 2018, according to S&P GMI estimates.
Sampath Sharma Nariyanuri, fintech analyst at S&P GMI, said, “E-wallets aligned with high frequency and scalable use cases like ride-hailing and e-commerce are likely to grow and garner market share across the region. The volume of transactions processed through e-wallets is gaining steam. For example, we estimate that e-wallets’ share of total e-money volumes in Indonesia grew to 36% in 2018 from less than 10% in 2017.”
Non-banks will continue to register higher growth in regions with a larger percentage of unbanked population and greater fragmentation in payments, according to the report. The growing mismatch between the high availability of smartphones and low banking penetration in cash economies such as Indonesia and the Philippines creates a strong potential for e-wallet uptake.
In less-cash economies such as Singapore, Thailand and Malaysia, banks are reasserting dominance through implementing interoperable systems that enable instant small-value transfers between bank accounts using mobile phones.