The good news for health insurers in Asia is that the region offers lots of growth, thanks to its rising middle classes and expanding healthcare systems. Happy days!
The outlook gets murky from there.
Insurers face a double-inflation whammy. First, the price of healthcare in the region is rising 10% to 15% per year, according to AXA, putting many countries on a trajectory of U.S.-style permanent cost increases. That means premiums should be 10% to 15% higher next year, but pricing is now an acute area of competition.
Second, lifespans are inflating, too, but not always for the best: Asians are living longer but are also sick or frail for longer. So demand for healthcare is soaring, but the means for many people to cover it is falling behind.
Insurers therefore need to become radically more efficient, and only mass adoption of technology can drive costs down. This comes at a time when customer expectations (especially digitally) have changed, and trust in insurance providers is declining, especially around claims.
The common answers from industry executives now are twofold: shift the business from paying out claims to improving people’s health and lifestyles, so fewer claims are filed; and, as products become commoditized, to use tech to become more “customer-centric” and add value through means other than just writing a policy.
Customers want services, not just protection
“Customers want services, not just protection,” said Joyce Au-Yeung, regional head of health at MetLife (these statements are from an insurtech conference in Hong Kong). She says over the coming five to ten years, the industry will morph into providing services around financial protection, with more firms sourcing value-adds from fintech partners.
Progress, however, has been tepid.
Is prevention a cure?
Insurers, unwilling to revisit their distribution arrangements or sales incentives, have attempted to create reward programs to nudge customers into better lifestyles. From wearables to medical checkups, the idea is to incent customers to improve their lifestyles in return for reduced premiums. In Asia, examples of this include AIA’s Vitality program, and ManulifeMOVE.
Even accepting these as just a first step in the right direction, are they making a difference? AIA digital executives believe this is a seachange, creating a customer-first approach; one told DigFinthis is part of a broader strategy to turn the firm from a pure insurer into a broader health-and-wealth service provider.
Rivals have their doubts. “We hear about prevention and customer engagement, but I haven’t seen a successful business model,” said Jérôme Itty, regional CEO at AXA Partners. “The jury is still out when it comes to designing programs to prevent risk.”
Edy Tuhirman, CEO at Generali Indonesia, says these products are mismatched for products covering many diseases, even those influenced by diet and exercise: it can take years to generate results against what are typically short-term policies.
We hear about prevention, but I haven’t seen a successful business model
Bob Charles, managing director at Hong Kong consultancy Coherent, says programs like Vitality and MOVE are progressive. They create incentives for customers so they claim less. But he agrees that the industry has not moved away from the product-usage mindset.
Although wellness programs are gaining traction among individuals, companies haven’t adapted them, Charles says. Employers buying group-life products have an interest in keeping their workers healthy, but the incentives have not been designed to satisfy insurers, employers, and brokers.
“Insurers know they need to be more customer-centric,” Charles said.
We love change. You go first
The good news is that there is now widespread recognition that tech and the customer will be competitive requirements; the bad news is insurers are moving too slowly, bogged down by conservatism and short-term, revenue-focused KPIs.
Most insurtechs have thrown in the towel on disruption in favor of B2B models. But a niche focus gets lost in the value chain of insurance policies: changing one aspect ends up rubbing against another department’s priorities, so nothing gets done.
No firm has embarked on a holistic, digital approach to health insurance. Cole Sirucek, co-founder and CEO of Singapore-based insurtech DocDoc, is trying to bring a Silicon Valley-style platform to Asian healthcare. He says the reason there hasn’t been an Uber, Airbnb or Alibaba in this space—one that connects a mass market to the information they need to solve their healthcare issues—is the presence of third-party payers.
Insurers know they need to be more customer-centric
Consumers may enjoy leverage with Uber but they don’t matter in healthcare: insurers, pharmaceutical companies, medical device companies, and hospitals have all the leverage. “Insurers aren’t really interested in consumer engagement,” he said.
He predicts an upheaval because products are more commoditized, claims-related problems have eroded faith in the industry, and margins are too fat for tech companies to ignore: Amazon has announced it will get into India’s insurance market, with other Asian markets to follow. Therefore incumbents can either try to defend on price (bad idea), or use customer data to provide services around health and welfare.
Sirucek has attracted to his platform hospitals, doctors and customers throughout the region, as well as partnerships with Ping An Good Doctor and Prudential Singapore.
But winning such deals is hard. One insurer CFO told DigFin she liked his concept but doubted it would fly internally, because other parts of her firm wouldn’t directly benefit from partnering with such a company. “Insurance companies are ruled by committee,” she said.
The best data idea we have
This reality is frustrating for startups. But it’s also a big reason why insurance execs seem at a loss as to how combine tech and a customer-first approach. It’s hard to align incentives with enough internal groups, let alone with external parties. The “ecosystem” is going to be a slow build, particularly if it means the insurer plays second fiddle to consumer-facing companies that own the data.
So surely then insurers will develop value-added services that take the customer on a journey, giving the provider more regular engagement and thus access to valuable data.
Sounds good. Maybe too good?
“Will consumers pay for services?” wondered Charles. “Are group-life customers prepared to pay for services? I’m skeptical.”
Pricing is another battlefield – nothing new in itself, but now, as comparison sites and other tech platforms erode product differentiation, it’s about dynamic pricing, which depends on consumer data. Too often, intermediaries like agents possess this data, and don’t want to share it with carriers.
One area where data is becoming readily available is genomics: the price of a DNA test has plummeted, and the data is terrific. Insurers such as MetLife are paying out claims faster now in places like China and Malaysia when the consumer takes a DNA test, Au-Yeung said.
Soon such tests will pinpoint at what point in a person’s lifetime they will contract which diseases. Industry execs say about 70% of a risk is genetic. That still leaves 30% that can be dynamically set based on user behavior. And execs pledge they will exclude individual DNA results from pricing models, for it is unconscionable to penalize people for simply having inherited troublesome genes.
But there is no regulation (yet), nor any conduct codes at the industry level, and “family history” DNA data is already being used in some pricing engines.
This is an example of data-driven, personalized pricing that, if not addressed at an industry level, will probably lead to a regulatory and popular backlash. It’s also a good example of something that looks consumer-centric while being anything but—the sort of idea that only an incumbent would dream up.
SingLife takes on insurers…banks…Revolut…
Insurers want to join ecosystems. Can the insurer become that ecosystem?
Think “insurtech” and one thinks of a scrappy startup taking on the traditional AIA/Prudential/Allianz incumbents’ mob. And SingLife is trying to do that, along with digital insurers such as Bowtie, Blue and (in part) FWD.
SingLife has just rebranded. It was until now “Singapore Life”, a traditional insurance brand with lions in its logo and everything. Now it’s styling itself as a tech company, and it’s pursuing a business model that is redefining what insurtech can be.
Walter de Oude, SingLife’s CEO, has broader ambitions. The firm has just issued a Visa-approved debit card that makes it a competitor to money-market funds, to bank deposits, and to fintech companies like Revolut.
It’s a twist on the current drive by many insurance companies – be they startups like Bowtie or traditional players – to be part of an ecosystem. The argument goes that insurers need to tie themselves to something bigger, a bank or a virtual bank, in order to access new customers.
But what if the insurance company becomes the center of the ecosystem? That’s what SingLife is trying to do.
Not just direct-to-consumer
De Oude explains that, first of all, SingLife is only partly digital – that’s its direct business. But direct accounts for only about 25% of its premiums sold (to about 15,000 customers). The majority comes from a very traditional advisory business that caters expressly to global rich individuals who want to bank – and insurer – in Singapore.
It’s de Oude’s view that a digital-only insurer is destined to fail because there are still too few people willing to use it. This is likely to change, but for now, for the business to succeed it still needs agents out there wooing customers.
That provides a stable base from which SingLife can pursue its more digital ambitions. But digital sales require an ecosystem to develop scale. Instead of attaching the brand to, say, an e-commerce platform that owns the customer, SingLife is trying to attract people.
Enter the Visa card.
“We can give customers a 2.5% yield on their premium,” de Oude says. Allowing customers to earn something on the money they give the insurer puts it in competition with bank accounts (which typically offer negligible interest) and with money-market funds.
“Just a debit card”
The advantage that deposits and funds have is that customers can withdraw cash any time, whereas a premium placed with an insurance company is locked in.
So SingLife’s card – and the mobile app affiliated with it – allows people to treat their premium as something that can be spent. “It’s just a debit card,” de Oude said. “It lets you save, or tap the card or use your phone to spend the money or transfer it back to your bank account. And I’ll give you commission-free foreign-exchange, and an unemployment benefit” commensurate with how much people spend with the debit card.
The idea is to create a reinforcing spiral. People buy an online insurance policy partly to get a card, against which they can spend the value of that premium, get additional insurance, and get Revolut-like benefits.
If people like the experience, they’ll use that card to spend more…until they hit the end of their premium amount, at which point they have to re-up. SingLife, meanwhile, charges a fee per transaction (which goes to fund its unemployment insurance benefit), and moves clients who max out to other offers beyond the basic 2.5% return program, with longer term premiums that can in turn be converted into spending programs.
SingLife will also offer a metal card to bigger spenders.
But, de Oude contends, SingLife is not engaging in banking activity. It is not taking deposits or making loans.
“Revolut’s not a bank,” de Oude said. “They’re managing money.” He says he’s putting a similar activity on top of the insurance business. “We’re not accepting deposits; we’re investing your insurance premiums.”
And Singapore government backing for insurance contracts, on average, exceeds its S$75,000 deposit insurance.
To make this work the firm will run a liquidity fund, in order to meet customer spending off their premiums. But de Oude is betting that the attractiveness of a yield plus the other benefits will encourage customers to keep their money with SingLife.
This is SingLife’s strategy to build a similar kind of funnel of customers that digital insurers would otherwise get by teaming up with a Big Tech company, e-commerce platform or conglomerate.
Aegon Life goes all-in on digital for India
The insurer is immersing itself with major Indian tech partners in a move to reinvent the business model.
“Insurance sold through digital platforms is here,” said Curtis Chen, chief strategy officer and head of business development at Aegon Asia.
But how this plays out remains up for grabs: “How big a disruptive force will it be for insurers, how big will insurance be for ecosystem platforms, and who will dominate?”
Insurance companies are jostling for position among Big Tech, e-commerce companies, and superapps. “Everybody’s chasing new platforms, including us,” Chen said. “It’s about how you make a partnership work.”
The Hong Kong-based Chen made these remarks from stage at a recent Finovate conference, where he outlined how Aegon is going all-in on digital in the region, starting in India, where it is licensed to do business in life and health.
Aegon is a nobody in that market, at least as far as retail-facing business is concerned, ranking 22nd out of 23 licensed life insurance companies. It has nothing to lose so it is putting all of its chips on the table in a bet on total digital immersion.
Because it has no agency force or other channels in India, Aegon has no conflicts of interest, so it can commit itself wholly to e-commerce and other partners.
This is why leading Indian technology companies including Paytm (digital payments) and MobiKwik (mobile phone wallets), as well as child-focused platform called FirstCry, have backed Aegon’s new business, which has just launched in the country with licenses for life and health insurance, with protection and wealth management on the horizon. (A fourth partnership with a leading Indian e-commerce company is also in the works.)
For Ageon, this is a turn away from the usual corporate strategy of accelerators and innovation labs, which Chen argues have merely wasted money. Instead, the insurer is embedding itself with a variety of tech companies. “That’s the only way we’ll transform,” he said.
The right partnership brings something to customers they can’t find among incumbent insurersCurtis Chen, Aegon Asia
The trick though is to work out what parts of an insurance policy’s lifecycle to leave in the hands of a partner, what parts to retain, and where both can combine to add value.
“The real magic happens in the intersection of how we use data to take risk, or to position a product, or do customer onboarding,” Chen said, “and the digital partner’s proxy data, and insight into purchase patterns. That could be a useful, compelling proxy for what insurers do traditionally.”
Some functions like marketing and lead generation are best left to e-commerce partners, while insurers should remain in charge of risk, asset-liability matching and reinsurance. But other areas can benefit form combining both parties’ expertise, such as claims service.
“We don’t have this all figured out, but the right partnership…brings something to customers that they can’t find among incumbent insurers,” he said.
New operating model: all about scale
“The new operating model has to be 70% to 80% different, not 80% the same,” Chen said, capable of far better customer service at a much lower operating cost.
“If your unit cost today is X, you need to think X divided by 100, or X divided by 500, and create something so scalable that we can deliver service at a cost no traditional insurer can imagine,” while also constantly innovating, he said.
That means serving far more people with a lot more policies, even if those ticket sizes are also miniscule.
But it also means the insurance company needs to figure out its value proposition in these ecosystems. If Aegon is merely providing balance sheet, how does it protect its brand? How does it ensure the values the company stands for are embedded in the new venture?
If India is a success, Chen says the model can extend to other Asian markets where Aegon has a license but is a small player.
Blue adding more Tencent tech
The digital insurer is gradually adopting more of its shareholders’ capabilities.
Blue launched a year ago with a simple front end, some simple protection products for critical illness, and a lot of hype. Although it trades on the traditional life-insurance license of shareholder Aviva, Blue launched as a digital-only business, at least on the distribution end.
(Read here about Bowtie, the city’s first digital-only licensed life insurer.)
Expectations for a new company backed by Tencent, Aviva and Hillhouse Capital ran high in the fintech industry. The backing of Tencent, in particular, had traditional insurers nervous.
They relaxed after Blue launched. Executives at several firms have told DigFin the first iteration of Blue was a little underwhelming. The claims process, for example, involves printing out forms – hardly an insurtech triumph.
Moreover, people in traditional industry look at traditional metrics. By that light, Blue hasn’t moved the dial. In 2018, Aviva (the license under which Blue operates) sold 1,375 annual-payment non-investment life policies, with a total premium of HK$1.3 million ($167,000), according to the Hong Kong Insurance Authority.
The likes of AIA, Prudential and HSBC Life sold upwards of 385,000 policies each and generated payments of over HK$16 billion ($2 billion) each – plus more in monthly-premium sales (another HK$15 billion in AIA’s case).
But that was a year ago. Blue is beginning to broaden its product set, improve its financial operations, and most importantly, embrace more technology. In short, it continues to leverage its three shareholders to forge a new kind of competitive insurance business.
Charles Hung, Blue’s CEO – a former head of risk at Aviva – acknowledges that the company’s traditional stats are nothing to brag about. The company doesn’t represent a threat in terms of policies sold, manpower (it doesn’t run an agency force), or APE (annual premium equivalent, the formula to compare insurers’ various types of premiums sold).
“We follow impressions, site visits, traffic volume, and customer engagement,” Hung said. “Brand recognition is important.”
On this front, the chief exec is happy to share statistics. “We’ve had 300 million impressions, 1 million site visits, and three to four million engagements via social media,” he said. That’s netted about 80,000 new accounts and the thousand-plus policy sales.
Moreover the company’s offering focuses on protection, whereas many traditional metrics rely on investment-linked business.
“The 7 million people in Hong Kong – that’s our benchmark.” Hung said, referring back to marketing and awareness.
What about the fundamentals of the business’s set up, though? For example, the heavy paperwork for the claims process? This is something traditional players already automate better. Is Blue using this as just a way of pushing KYC to the end of the product cycle?
Hung disputes that characterization. “Most KYC is on the front end, using facial recognition and OCR [optical character recognition]. But certain criteria require a manual query,” he said.
He says the firm has been constantly working on the front end.
Over the past year it’s made 150 changes based on how customers interact with the site and mobile app: things like placing the icon, the color scheme, fonts, the wording. This is the sort of granular iteration that tech companies use to build a better mousetrap.
You’re going to see more in the way of A.I. and chatbotsCharles Hung, Blue
The company has also launched a claims service that gives customers information about their submission, in case they are missing information, and to update them on the payment’s status.
But bigger, if less visible, changes are in store.
Leveraging the shareholders
First, Blue is about to launch its first non-protection product. Citing regulatory concerns, Hung declined to specify the type of product, or confirm whether it’s taking Blue towards the kind of savings or investment-linked policies that would put it in head-to-head competition with the big incumbents.
Second, it is in discussion with Hillhouse about internal asset management. All insurers need to invest the premiums they receive, a task made difficult in today’s environment of low interest rates. Hung declined to comment further on this, but it suggests the business is reaching the point where it needs to think more strategically about financial operations.
Third, it has obtained regulatory approval to move its tech stack and data to Tencent’s cloud.
“That will improve our turnaround and let us react quickly,” Hung said. “Within the next few weeks, we will be on a new platform for our back end. Meanwhile, incumbents are stuck with old legacy systems with high operating costs.”
We need to be part of a consumer’s lifeCharles Hung, Blue
By shifting to a cloud-based tech stack, Hung says the insurer will be able to roll out more innovations quickly. “You’re going to see more in the way of A.I. and chatbots,” he said.
For example, the insurer has been experimenting with personalization. It’s done so using IBM Watson’s deep-learning tools behind a game it launched on WeChat (the messaging and gaming platform of Tencent). The game has nothing to do with insurance, but it’s a way to learn how to personalize responses to customer inputs.
The company is also starting to learn how to use data.
Data and partnerships
For example, Hung says the most surprising takeaway is that the majority of its customers are male. Traditionally protection products are mostly sold to females. Then there are other patterns emerging, such as enquiries from elderly people, or more business during mornings than afternoons.
“We need to turn this information into opportunities,” Hung said.
What about that WeChat relationship? Blue has a business account on the platform – but so does everybody else. Is it getting any special treatment? Can its parentage give it an edge?
So far, the answer is no, although Hung says he’s still looking at possibilities. Blue is constrained because it isn’t licensed to sell policies to people outside of Hong Kong.
“I can’t say what we’ll do,” Hung said, “but there will be stronger integration – like our use of facial recognition technology or cloud, which are Tencent technologies.”
He is also looking at broadening Blue’s reach via partnerships, including with virtual banks. Tencent holds a stake in on Hong Kong licensed VB, called Fusion Bank, along with ICBC. Is that going to be a home for Blue?
“It’s still early days for the virtual banks,” Hung said. “We’re interested but it’s too soon.”
But he’s working on the broader question of an ecosystem.
“Insurance is traditionally sold, not bought,” Hung said. “To change that we need to be part of a consumer’s life, integrated into what they do on a daily basis. The normal way would be to tie up with medical associations or pharmacies. But there’s also lifestyle ways to leverage customers. The sky’s the limit.”